Cambridge IGCSE Biology – Syllabus code 0455

What do we cover in the course?

1 The basic economic problem

The first section of the syllabus introduces the fundamental ideas and concepts that underpin the study of economics including the basic economic problem, factors of production, opportunity cost and production possibility curves.

2 The allocation of resources

The fundamental principles of resource allocation are considered through the price mechanism in a market economy. The market forces of demand and supply, market equilibrium and disequilibrium, and elasticity form the core of this section.

3 Microeconomic decision makers

The microeconomy is an important area of study, and the approach to learning taken here is through the role of the major decision makers: banks, households, workers, trade unions and firms.

4 Government and the macroeconomy

Governments have different macroeconomic aims, and conflicts often arise between the choice of measures used to achieve them. Variables must be measured to consider the causes and consequences of change, and appropriate policies applied.

5 Economic development

As an economy develops there will be changes in population, living standards, poverty and income redistribution. Therefore, the effects of changes in the size and structure of population and of other influences on development in a variety of countries are explored.

6 International trade and globalisation

The importance of trade between countries and the growth of globalisation is explored. Principles such as specialisation, the role of free trade, the role of multinational companies, foreign exchange rates and balance of payments stability are considered.

How is it assessed?

  • Paper 1: 45 minutes Multiple Choice Question
  • Paper 2: 2 hours 15 minutes Structured Questions
    Candidates answer one compulsory question and three questions from a choice of four.

What is the course useful for?

This course aims are to enable students to:

  • know and understand economic terminology, concepts and theories
  • use basic economic numeracy and interpret economic data
  • use the tools of economic analysis
  • express economic ideas logically and clearly in a written form
  • apply economic understanding to current economic issues